Amazon began in 1994 as an online book retailer based in the USA. Amazon has since grown considerably by branching into several other retail markets, developing Amazon retail websites specific to a host of other nations, and by providing its own products and services to the international market (including e-book publishing and sales).
The Book Depository was founded as an online book retailer in the UK in 2004, and later purchased by Amazon in 2011. The Book Depository offers to an international community of over 160 countries over nine-million fiction and non-fiction works, with free international shipping.
J-List was founded in Japan in 1996 as an online retailer by an American expatriate. J-List now offers to the global online community a diverse collection of Japanese consumer products and consumables (in particular, items relating to Anime and Manga).
Smashwords was created by Mark Coker in 2008 as a self-service publishing website for Indie authors. Smashwords provides authors with a means to distribute e-books to a global audience. Smashwords has distribution partnerships with Apple, Barns & Nobel, Kobo and Sony, and hosts the works of ~400,000 authors.